研究者総覧

神田 直樹 (カンダ ナオキ)

  • 総合診療部門 助教
メールアドレス: nakanda-tkyumin.ac.jp
Last Updated :2021/11/23

研究活動情報

論文

  • Naoki Kanda, Hideki Hashimoto, Tomohiro Sonoo, Hiromu Naraba, Yuji Takahashi, Kensuke Nakamura, Shuji Hatakeyama
    Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland) 9 8 2020年07月 
    A specific antibiogram is necessary for the empiric antibiotic treatment of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) because of the global spread of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to develop an antibiogram specific for community-acquired UTI and assess the risk factors associated with community-acquired UTI caused by antimicrobial-resistant organisms. This cross-sectional observational retrospective study included patients with community-acquired UTI caused by Gram-negative rods (GNR) who were admitted to the emergency department at a tertiary care hospital in Ibaraki, Japan, in 2017-2018. A total of 172 patients were enrolled (including 38 nursing home residents). Of the 181 GNR strains considered as causative agents, 135 (75%) were Escherichia coli, and 40 (22%) exhibited third-generation cephalosporin resistance. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli accounted for 25/40 (63%) of resistant GNR. Overall susceptibility rate of Enterobacterales was 92%, 81%, 100%, 75%, and 89% for cefmetazole, ceftriaxone, meropenem, levofloxacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, respectively. Residence in a nursing home (odds ratio (OR), 2.83; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.18-6.79) and recent antibiotic use (OR, 4.52; 95% CI, 1.02-19.97) were independent risk factors for UTI with resistant GNR. ESBL-producing E. coli was revealed to have a strong impact on antimicrobial resistance pattern. Therefore, an antibiotic strategy based on a disease-specific antibiogram is required.
  • Kensuke Nakamura, Atsushi Kihata, Hiromu Naraba, Naoki Kanda, Yuji Takahashi, Tomohiro Sonoo, Hideki Hashimoto, Naoto Morimura
    JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition 44 2 205 - 212 2020年02月 
    BACKGROUND: β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB), a metabolite of leucine, can strongly induce muscle protein synthesis. We evaluated the efficacy of HMB complex on muscle volume loss during critical care. METHODS: For this prospective, single-center, randomized control trial, we created control and HMB groups by random assignment of intensive care unit (ICU) patients for whom enteral nutrition could be performed. From 164 ICU patients, 88 severely ill patients were included and assigned: 43 to control and 45 to HMB. From day 2 after admission, HMB group were administered 3 g HMB, 14 g arginine, and 14 g glutamine daily in addition to standard nutrition therapy. Early rehabilitation with electrical muscle stimulation was started from day 2 in both groups. As a primary outcome, we evaluated femoral muscle volume using computed tomography on days 1 and 10. RESULTS: Femoral muscle volumes of 24 control and 26 HMB group participants were analyzed as per protocol. Volumes decreased significantly during days 1-10 (P < 0.0001). Volume loss rates were 14.4 ± 7.1% for control participants and 11.4 ± 8.1% for HMB participants (P = 0.18). In a subgroup of the sequential organ failure assessment scores <10, femoral muscle volume loss was 14.0 ± 6.9% for control participants and 8.7 ± 6.4% for HMB (P = 0.0474). Results of intention-to-treat analysis of the 2 groups showed no differences in basic characteristics or outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: For critically ill patients, HMB complex supplementation from the acute phase of intensive care does not inhibit muscle volume loss.
  • Ayako Kumabe, Shuji Hatakeyama, Naoki Kanda, Yu Yamamoto, Masami Matsumura
    The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale 2020 5792937 - 5792937 2020年 
    Background: Tuberculous peritonitis is difficult to diagnose due to its varying clinical features, in addition to the low yield on bacterial culture or polymerase chain reaction using ascitic fluid samples. This study aimed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of elevated adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels as a diagnostic marker for tuberculous peritonitis. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 181 adult patients who underwent ascitic fluid ADA level examination at Jichi Medical University Hospital between January 2006 and December 2015 were included. We collected data regarding ascitic fluid analyses including ADA levels, bacteriology and cytology, final diagnosis (cause of ascites), basis of the diagnosis, duration to diagnosis, and disease outcome. Results: Among 181 patients, elevated ascitic ADA levels (≥40 IU/L) were observed in 15 patients (median, 87.2 IU/L; range, 44.0-176.1 IU/L); 8 patients had tuberculous peritonitis, 4 had lymphoma-related ascites, and 2,had peritoneal carcinomatosis with bacterial coinfection, and 1 had chlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease. Among 166 patients without ascitic ADA level elevation (median, 7.3 IU/L; range, <2.0-39.1 IU/L), none had tuberculosis, 4 had lymphoma-related ascites, 28 had cancer/mesothelioma-related ascites, and 134 had ascites due to other causes. In our cohort, elevated ascitic fluid ADA levels (≥40 IU/L) showed 100% sensitivity, 96.0% specificity, 53.3% positive predictive value (PPV), and 100% negative predictive value for the diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis. Conclusions: Ascitic fluid ADA levels ≥40 IU/L showed excellent sensitivity, despite a low PPV, for the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis. Lymphoma-related ascites is an important mimic of tuberculous peritonitis that can result in high ascitic fluid ADA levels with similar clinical manifestations.
  • Kensuke Nakamura, Atsushi Kihata, Hiromu Naraba, Naoki Kanda, Yuji Takahashi, Tomohiro Sonoo, Hideki Hashimoto, Naoto Morimura
    Journal of rehabilitation medicine 51 9 705 - 711 2019年10月 
    OBJECTIVES: Belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation can induce muscle contraction of the whole lower body. This study examined the efficacy of belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation on reducing loss of muscle volume in critically ill patients. METHODS: Intensive care unit patients were randomly assigned to control and electrical muscle stimulation groups. In both groups, early rehabilitation was administered from day 2 of admission. In the electrical muscle stimulation group, belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation was administered. Femoral muscle volume was evaluated with computed tomography on days 1 and 10. RESULTS: Ninety-Four severely ill patients were included 47 patients were assigned to each group. Femoral muscle volumes of 16 control and 21 electrical muscle stimulation group patients were measured. For both groups, femoral muscle volume decreased significantly from day 1 to day 10 (p < 0.0001). The mean rate of muscle volume loss was 17.7% (standard deviation (SD) 10.8%) for the control group and 10.4% (SD 10.1%) for the electrical muscle stimulation group (p = 0.04). The score for stair-climbing of Barthel Index was significantly better in the electrical muscle stimulation group 3.9 (SD 4.0) than in the control group 1.5 (1.5) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation has the potential to inhibit muscle volume loss in critical care.
  • Naoki Kanda, Koichi Takeda, Shuji Hatakeyama, Masami Matsumura
    BMJ case reports 12 8 2019年08月 
    A 58-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of arthralgia and bilateral temporal region pain, and a 1-month history of fever. He had had refractory neck pain since his 20s. Reduced cervical and lumbar mobility was observed. Radiographs of cervical and thoracic vertebrae disclosed syndesmophytes. Pelvic radiographs showed sclerosis in the right sacroiliac joint and ankylosis in the left sacroiliac joint. MRI with contrast enhancement showed enthesitis in the upper extremities and enhancement in the bilateral temporal muscle, which indicated enthesitis of temporal muscle. He was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis based on the limitation in mobility of the lumbar spine and radiographic findings. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing enthesitis of the temporal muscle. This case highlights that ankylosing spondylitis can be accompanied with enthesitis at the temporal muscle and fever of unknown origin at the initial presentation.
  • Naoko Kamiya, Shuji Hatakeyama, Naoki Kanda, Sho Yonaha, Dai Akine, Yu Yamamoto, Masami Matsumura
    Journal of general and family medicine 20 2 68 - 71 2019年03月 
    Vertebral osteomyelitis can result in serious complications if diagnosis is delayed. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the most useful modality for the early diagnosis of vertebral osteomyelitis. We examined three patients with vertebral osteomyelitis whose initial MRI (obtained <2 weeks after the onset of symptoms) did not reveal obvious findings of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. However, follow-up MRI clearly demonstrated typical findings of the disease. This case series illustrates that a repeat MRI must be performed 2-4 weeks after the onset of symptoms in patients presenting with clinical manifestations and microbiological findings suggestive of vertebral osteomyelitis.
  • Hideki Hashimoto, Makoto Saito, Naoki Kanda, Takehito Yamamoto, Makiko Mieno, Shuji Hatakeyama
    BMC pharmacology & toxicology 18 1 74 - 74 2017年11月 
    BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that daptomycin induced artificial prolongation of prothrombin time (PT) in some test reagents, particularly in warfarin users. However, it remains unknown whether the artificial prolongation can be affected by coagulation abnormalities other than the use of warfarin. Thus, we investigated the effect of daptomycin on PT with two types of coagulation abnormalities. METHODS: Plasma samples were pooled by four groups: healthy volunteers (Plasma A), warfarin users with a PT-international normalized ratio (INR) of approximately 2.0 (Plasma B) or 3.0 (Plasma C), and patients with liver cirrhosis with a PT-INR of approximately 2.0 (Plasma D). Plasma A was composed of plasma from two healthy individuals (9 mL from each individual). Plasma B, C, and D were composed of plasma from 36 patients (0.5 mL from each patient). Daptomycin was added to each sample to create solutions with several concentrations (0-150 μg/mL). The PT-INR for each solution was measured with three PT reagents. Linear regression analyses were used to determine the association between daptomycin concentration and PT-INR. The relative change in PT-INR due to daptomycin concentrations was calculated. RESULTS: Strong linear correlations were observed between daptomycin concentrations and PT-INR for all the plasma groups and reagents (R2 > 0.7, P < 0.01). At a daptomycin concentration of 150 μg/mL, the relative increase of PT-INR was ≥10% in the majority of the plasma groups with an elevated baseline PT-INR in all reagents tested. CONCLUSIONS: Daptomycin induced the artificial prolongation of PT-INR in a concentration-dependent manner, particularly in plasma samples with an elevated baseline PT-INR. PT should be evaluated at the trough levels of daptomycin.
  • Nobuyoshi Takeshita, Naoki Kanda, Toru Fukunaga, Masayuki Kimura, Yuji Sugamoto, Kentaro Tasaki, Masaya Uesato, Tetsutaro Sazuka, Tetsuro Maruyama, Naohiro Aida, Tomohide Tamachi, Takashi Hosokawa, Yo Asai, Hisahiro Matsubara
    World journal of gastroenterology 21 30 9223 - 7 2015年08月 
    A 91-year-old man was referred to our hospital with intermittent dysphagia. He had undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (T3N2M0 Stage III) 11 years earlier. Endoscopic examination revealed an anastomotic stricture; signs of inflammation, including redness, erosion, edema, bleeding, friability, and exudate with white plaques; and multiple depressions in the residual esophagus. Radiographical examination revealed numerous fine, gastrografin-filled projections and an anastomotic stricture. Biopsy specimens from the area of the anastomotic stricture revealed inflammatory changes without signs of malignancy. Candida glabrata was detected with a culture test of the biopsy specimens. The stricture was diagnosed as a benign stricture that was caused by esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis. Accordingly, endoscopic balloon dilatation was performed and anti-fungal therapy was started in the hospital. Seven weeks later, endoscopic examination revealed improvement in the mucosal inflammation; only the pseudodiverticulosis remained. Consequently, the patient was discharged. At the latest follow-up, the patient was symptom-free and the pseudodiverticulosis remained in the residual esophagus without any signs of stricture or inflammation.


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